2. Are typically issued to motivate the student to take more than one training courses from the granting institution in order to “earn” the certificate.
3. Typically do not require the student to complete an examination and meet other rigorous qualification criteria.
4. Do not provide the authority for the person receiving the document to use initials (like CIPT, CIHRM, CMM, CPSM, CISCM, etc) after his/her name.
5. Are usually low in cost because they are considered “Certificates of Training Completion”.
6. Are similar to “Certificates” provided by universities in China as a prelude to a “Degree”.
1. Are never issued by universities. They are issued by professional associations (like ACI, IPSCMI, PMP and ISM) which possess such authority.
2. Have nothing to do with a number or length of training courses completed. In fact, many candidates are certified WITHOUT ANY TRAINING, if they complete the comprehensive certification examination and meet other rigorous qualification criteria. Training is often provided, but only as a convenience for those candidates who need to refresh their knowledge before the examination.
3. DO PROVIDE the authority for the certified individual to use initials (like (like CIPT, CHRMP, CMM, CPSM, CISCM, etc) after his/her name.
4. Are normally more expensive than certificates because of the requirement to undergo testing and meet other rigorous qualification criteria.
5. Have rigorous security surrounding them, with control numbers assigned.
6. Are similar to “Degrees” in education, provided by universities in some countries after students have been issued “Certificates” and meet the examination and tuition requirements of the university.